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French Cardinal Numbers:

 

French Numbers

French Cardinal Numbers:

0

Zéro

10

Dix

20

Vingt

70

Soixante-dix

101

Cent un

Un

11

Onze

21

Vingt et un

71

Soixante et onze

200

Deux cents

2

Deux

12

Douze

22

Vingt-deux

72

Soixante-douze

201

Deux cent un

3

Trois

13

Treize

23

Vingt-trois

80

Quatre-vingts

1000

Mille

4

Quatre

14

Quatorze       

30

Trente

81

Quatre-vingt-un

2000

Deux mille

5

Cinq

15

Quinze

31

Trente et un

82

Quatre-vingt-deux

1.000.000

Un million

6

Six

16

Seize

32

Trente-deux

90

Quatre-vingt-dix

1.000.000.000

Un milliard

7

Sept

17

Dix-sept

40

Quarante

91

Quatre-vingt-onze

543

Cinq cent quarante-trois

8

Huit

18

Dix-huit

50

Cinquante

92

Quatre-vingt-douze

 

 

9

Neuf

19

Dix-neuf

60

Soixante

100

Cent

 

 

 

French Numbers are easy to learn, cardinal numbers are a piece of cake if you understand the logic behind them, from 0 to 16 you will find unique words, that you just need to memorize as is. 17-18-19 are composed words meaning (10-7) (10-8) (10-9).(check the table above). So now you can easily count to 20.

The logic that number from 20- 100 follow is just like English, for example {23= twenty (vingt)- three (trois) note that there is a hyphen (-) in between… there are only some exceptions:

Numbers 21, 31, 41, 51...should have an extra “et” in between, it’s like saying (20 et 1) or (twenty and one) (thirty and one). It happens only when you add the number “1”.

Another exception is that if you want to say 70 or 90 in French you would say it like: 60-10 for 70, and 80-10 for 90, all the numbers from 70 to 79 and from 90 to 99 are formed that way, so to say 73 you will need to think of what the number 60 is in French, then think of what 13 is in French put them together and that’s it.

Same thing with 90 …99, to say 92 you need to think of what is 80 in French then 12 as well, in other words we don’t say: Soixante-dix-trois for 73, but Soixante-treize.

Finally when the numbers 5, 6, 8, and 10 are used before a number beginning with a consonant, their final consonants are not pronounced, for example Cinq cent (500) is pronounced as if the “q” doesn’t exist.

It’s easy to master this your first day if you look at the table above and read the notes following it carefully.

 

French Ordinal Numbers:

 

Once you have mastered the cardinal numbers, you will have no problem at all learning ordinal numbers, because they simply add -ième to the cardinal numbers. Some small exceptions are: numbers ending in an “e” must drop it and add -ième, for example quatre = 4, quatrième = 4th. Also for pronunciation reasons you have to add a “u” after numbers ending in “q” like cinq = 5, cinquième = 5th. Finally numbers ending in “f” take a “v” instead like: 9 = neuf. Neuvième = 9th.

Note that first has two forms, masculine (premier), and feminine (première) with an extra “e” as you have noticed.

Don’t confuse 2nd = deuxième with 12th = douzième.

 

French Ordinal Numbers

first

premier, première

eighth

huitième

second

deuxième

ninth

neuvième

third

troisième

tenth

dixième

fourth

quatrième

eleventh

onzième

fifth

cinquième

twelfth

douzième

sixth

sixième

twentieth

vingtième

seventh

septième

twenty-first

vingt et unième

 

 

 

French Numbers, Cardinal Numbers, French Ordinal Numbers.

All French Grammar Articles
Alphabet
Numbers
Articles
Adjectives
Adverbs
Verbs
Present Tense
Past Tense
Future Tense
Imperfect
Imperative
Nouns
Pronouns
Conjunction
Negation
Subjunctive
Conditional
Comparative
Prepositions

 

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